Tense Agreement In Spanish

Keywords and phrases that tend to co-exist with the form of preterite: the preterit and the perfect are distinguished in the same way as equivalent forms of English tense. In general, whenever the current parfait («I have done») is used in English, the perfect is also used in Spanish. In addition, there are cases where English uses a simple past tense («I did»), but Spanish requires a perfect. In other cases, both languages use a simple past tense. Haber is never used as an existential verb other than in the third person. To express the existence of a first or second person, the verb estar («to be [localized/present]) or to exist («to exist») is used, and there is a subject-verb concordance. Indicative mood has five simple forms of time, each having an appropriate perfect shape. In older classifications, conditional forms of time were considered part of an independent climate. Continuous forms (such as estoy hablando) are generally not considered part of the verbal paradigm, although they often appear in books that are aimed at English speakers who are learning Spanish.

Modern grammatical studies count only simple forms as forms of time and other forms as products of temporal forms and aspects. If the action takes place in conjunctive simultaneously or according to the indicative clause, we must use a simple time form (one word) while if the action takes place in the conjunctive game before the indicative clause, we must use a compound time form (two words). The expression haber que (in the third person singular and followed by a subordinate construction with the verb in the infinitive) carries the meaning of necessity or obligation without specifying an agent. It is translatable as «it is necessary», but a paraphrase is usually preferable in translation. Note that the shape of this one is hay. If the main sentence (indicative mood) is in the current or future form, the subsidiary sentence (subjunctive) must also be in a present. The Spanish pluparfaite form describes a past act that took place before another past act. In other words, it is used to say what someone or something has done. For example, as noted above, the decision to use the preterit or imperfect can pose some difficulties for people who speak English.

But there are certain topics, key words, and phrases that can help you decide whether the verb should be conjugated in the preterite or in the imperfect. These expressions are significantly more frequent with either of the two forms of time, which corresponds to a completed (preterite) action or a repetitive action, a continuous action or a (imperfect) state in the past. There is a tendency to accept the following, as if it were the subject, especially in other forms of time than the current reference. There is a more serious stigma in inventing plural forms for hay, but hain, han and others are sometimes encountered in non-standard language. . . .